Category Archives: Urban development

The Goods Line – then and now

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Ultimo Road railway underbridge, showing the four, decorative cast-iron columns. Photo by Phillip Simpson, 2015.

Ultimo Road railway underbridge, showing the four, decorative cast-iron columns. Photo by Phillip Simpson, 2015.

Yesterday I took a stroll along Sydney’s newest pedestrian walkway, The Goods Line. It opened last Sunday (30 August 2015) and goes from the Ultimo Road railway bridge to the Museum’s new entrance in Macarthur Street, Ultimo, an inner Sydney suburb. Its route is part of the old Darling Harbour goods railway line which brought the State’s produce, especially wool, wheat and coal to waiting ships at Darling Harbour for transport around the world. Continue reading

Henry Ford’s Model T and its impact in Australia

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This 22 hp, 4-cylinder Model T Tourer was made at Ford’s Walkerville factory, Ontario, Canada, in 1916. Ford Canada supplied cars to the British Empire. MAAS collection, B727-1

It was Henry Ford’s dream to “democratise the automobile” by not only making it available to the rich but to everyone. He did this by producing the inexpensive Model T, a car which took the world by storm and was a significant invention during the Industrial Revolution. Between 1908 and 1927, a staggering 15 million Model Ts were made and sold worldwide when car manufacturing was still largely in its infancy.

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History repeats itself with the new rail link at Castle Hill

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A8461, Candlestick with removable insert, commemorative, ‘Baulkham Hills to Parramatta tramway’,  made by Walker and Hall, Shefield, England, 1890-1900

Candlestick with removable insert, commemorative, ‘Baulkham Hills to Parramatta tramway’, made by Walker and Hall, Shefield, England, 1890-1900

When people from the Hills District catch the new North West Rail Link in 2019 it will not be the first time a railway has come through the area. In 1901 construction began on a tramline that ran between Parramatta and Baulkham Hills with the primary purpose of carrying fruit and goods, as the Hills District was well-known for its plentiful orchards. The purpose of the tramway was to change after an embarrassing mistake that prevented goods being carried through the township of Parramatta, the man who turner the first sod, Minster for Public Works, Mr. E. W. O’Sullivan, tried to rectify the situation to no avail, this resulted in the tramway being used to carry passengers.

In the collection is a commemorative table candlestick that marks the first sod turned at the Baulkham Hills to Parramatta portion of the line gifted to the Minister for Public Works, Mr. E. W. O’ Sullivan, on March 19th, 1901
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Mechanisation of road building – 1920 steam tip wagon

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Type FGR steam tip wagon made by Aveling and Porter, of Rochester in Kent, England, 1920. Powerhouse Museum Collection. Gift of W. Duguid, 1962. B1509.

Type FGR steam tip wagon made by Aveling and Porter, of Rochester in Kent, England, 1920. Powerhouse Museum Collection. Gift of W. Duguid, 1962. B1509.

In the early decades of the twentieth century steam-powered vehicles including traction engines, steam wagons, road locomotives, road rollers and steam fire engines were a common sight on Australian roads. Up to the 1930s steam-powered wagons or trucks were much more powerful than petrol ones and were ideal for road building.
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Celebrating Engineering Week 2014: A Model steam tram with double-decker trailing car

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Powerhouse Museum Collection, object B2566. Gift of A Cutcher, 1984.

Powerhouse Museum Collection, object B2566. Gift of A Cutcher, 1984.

I chose this object to celebrate Engineering Week (4-10 August 2014). It’s an excellent working model of a steam tram, the first type of tram that served Sydney. Now the city’s light rail system, which is tiny compared to the extensive electric system that followed the steam tram era, is set to grow. If you’d like to hear top-level presenters speak about this extension, you can register to attend a free Engineering Week forum on Sydney’s Light Rail on 6 August, 6 to 8 pm, at the Powerhouse Museum.  Several other events are also planned for the week.

Should transport engineers be inspired by the model, with its double-decker trailing car? People are already questioning whether the new trams will have enough capacity to meet demand in the busy south east of the city, which has no heavy rail service. Sydney led the world with its extensive use of double-decker trains, and double-decker buses recently returned to the city’s streets; perhaps double-decker trams should be considered as well.

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Prize pool

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Detail model, entry structure 2008. Powerhouse Museum collection, gift of Rachel Neeson in memory of Nicholas Murcutt.

Detail model, entry structure 2008. Powerhouse Museum collection, donated through the Cultural Gifts Program by Rachel Neeson in memory of Nicholas Murcutt.

A lot of people were pleased when Prince Alfred Park swimming pool starred at the recent 2014 NSW architecture awards. As well as the prize gong, the Sulman Medal for public architecture, the new pool received the Lloyd Rees Award for urban design.

I was among the pleased people as during 2013 I acquired a collection of 18 models made during the pool’s design and approval process. Rachel Neeson who designed the pool with her late partner Nicholas Murcutt suggested that I must have ‘sniffed’ an award win 12 months ago. I certainly loved the pool but also like anyone who visits architect studios I was often struck by the number of design models lying around apparently discarded.  Despite the advent of 3D imaging and design software models are still a crucial part of the design process for most architects, hence my request to Rachel for the pool models.
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Ultimo on the edge

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Lend lease

Model, Jacksons Landing, Pyrmont, made for Lend Lease by Porter Models, 2001-2010. Powerhouse Museum collection, gift of Jacksons Landing Community Association.,

The Powerhouse is located in what is now the densest suburb in Australia. With 14,300 people per square kilometre Pyrmont/Ultimo packs more residents into less space than any suburb or town in the nation.  I suppose this should be no surprise given the numerous apartment developments completed here in the last decade, notably the repurposing of the wool stores and CSR’s former factories at Pyrmont Point. We recently acquired this large model of the Jacksons Landing development at the Point.

Pyrmont/Ultimo is on the leading edge of a much-debated urban trend towards apartment living rather than the ‘Australian dream’ of single-family cottages in sprawling suburbs. Sydney has historically been Australia’s leading apartment city. Way back in 1934 Melbourne’s Australian Home Beautiful observed ‘Sydney has always, to some extent, been the home of the flat-dweller. For this a variety of reasons may be suggested, the most popular one being that the Sydneysider is more easy-going and less home-loving than his Melbourne brother…’
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Powerhouse goes to Venice

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No 2 Bond Street, George Street elevation. Powerhouse Museum collection, gift of John Andrews.

No 2 Bond Street, George Street elevation, John Andrews International, Powerhouse Museum collection, gift of John Andrews.

The Venice Architecture Biennale launched on the weekend. As the new Australian pavilion is under construction the Australian exhibition for Venice uses augmented reality apps to create Augmented
Australia, a virtual, mobile exhibition.

One of the virtual creations is based on designs in the Powerhouse collection for No.2 Bond Street Sydney, an office and commercial development design by John Andrews. It is one of 22 virtual creations of unbuilt Australian designs forming the exhibition – 11 historic projects and 11 contemporary designs. You can see a virtual video of 2 Bond Street here.
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Monterey Moderne

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62 Pasadena Street, Monterey. Photo by Andrew Frolows, Powerhouse Museum.

With design historian Michael Bogle I recently completed a heritage report and a visitors’ guide called Monterey Moderne.  Commissioned by Rockdale City Council the report and guide are about a group of 1930s houses in the streamlined Moderne style in the small suburb of Monterey on the western shore of Botany Bay. I can still recall my excitement years back in coming across photos and plans of these houses in a Wunderlich Durabestos catalogue.  I quickly headed to Monterey to find that some of them were still standing.
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Neville’s Pompidou

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Nev

Neville Wran announcing the Powerhouse Museum project, 1979.

During the late 1970s I was living in England researching a doctorate. I also enjoyed a lot of museums including during a visit to Paris the Centre Pompidou, which had only been open for a year or so. I remember being totally blown away by it, astonished by this new take on the idea of a museum, and especially the way it made you look at art afresh, and how it had become a social centre, encompassing activities a long way from artistic contemplation.

It didn’t occur to me that anything like the Pompidou would be possible in Australia. Little did I know that another Australian traveller had also been impressed.  It’s urban legend that recently elected NSW premier Neville Wran said to his wife Jill after a visit to the Pompidou: ‘I want one of those’.  The Powerhouse is Neville’s Pompidou.
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