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Theme containing this object
Parent object
Photographs > Stereo photographs

+ 87/1007 Photographs (104), stereoscopic,...
+ 87/1008 Photographs (12), stereoscopic, ...
+ 87/1019 Photographic prints (16), mounte...
+ 87/1019-2 Photographic print mounted ste...
+ 87/1019-3 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-4 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-5 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-6 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-7 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-8 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-9 Photographic print, mounted st...
+ 87/1019-10 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-11 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-12 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-13 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-14 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-15 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ 87/1019-16 Photographic print, mounted s...
+ H7615 Photographic positive, stereoscopi...
+ H8236 Stereoscope and glass stereo slide...
+ H8237 Stereoscopic viewer and slides, 'L...
+ H9248 Slides, Stereoscopic, Australia an...
+ H9248-1 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-2 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-3 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-4 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-5 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-6 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-7 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-8 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-9 Photographic print (stereoscopic...
+ H9248-10 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-11 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-12 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-13 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-14 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-15 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-16 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-17 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-18 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-19 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-20 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-21 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-22 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-23 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-24 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-25 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-26 Photographic print (stereoscopi...
+ H9248-27 Photographic print (stereoscopi...


George Street Sydney, 1858 - 1860
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Object statement
Photographic print, mounted stereoview of George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1858-1860
This photograph of George Street, Sydney is from one of the earliest sets of Hetzer's stereoviews. In the foreground we can see the London Hat shop on the corner and in the middle distance 'Clapham House Boot and Shoe Mart'. This view, published by William Hetzer, was taken using a commercially produced twin lens stereo camera.

In 1850 William Hetzer arrived in Sydney, with his wife Thekla, where they immediately set up a photographic studio at 15 Hunter Street. Hetzer initially specialised in calotypes but soon adopted the new collodion based positive/negative processes, like the ambrotype and albumen prints, which were appearing in the early 1850s.

In 1858 he embarked on what is now his best known enterprise, the publication of a set of 36 albumen prints taken with a stereo-view camera. The success of the first series encouraged Hetzer to keep publishing Sydney views and by 1859 he had over a 60 different views. Hetzer's views of Sydney - "... its harbour, principal buildings, streets and neighbouring scenery, &c." were among the earliest outdoor photographs taken in Sydney. The sets sold well and Hetzer continued to publish sets of stereo-views of Sydney and its harbour, right up until 1863.

In 1867, Hetzer left Australia and returned to England, auctioning off his photographic equipment, and about 3500 registered negatives, to the photographer Joseph Degotardi.

For more information please see attached Powerhouse Museum Theme, 'Early Photographs of Sydney by William Hetzer.'

Geoff Barker, Curatorial, October 2008
A stereo photograph is comprised of two photographs, one taken as the left eye sees the view and another slightly offset as the right eye would see a view. These photographs are mounted on a card which is then fitted into a viewer. The viewer allows the brain to superimpose the two images, imitating the three dimensional stereovision of the human eye.

Stereo photographs are essentially the combination of two inventions of the 1830s. Sir Charles Wheatstone announced the first of these in 1838; it was an optical viewer that could combine two specially developed three-dimensional drawings that took into account the slight variation between the right and the left eye. The second occurred in 1839 when two different photographic processes, the 'daguerreotype' by Louis Daguerre and the 'Talbotype' or 'Calotype' by Henry Fox Talbot, were announced to the world.

In the 1840s Sir Charles Wheatstone began experimenting with Talbot's process which enabled him to place two slightly offset photographic images in his viewer. The success of these experiments inspired a Scotsman, Sir David Brewster, to announce in 1849 his modification of the stereo format, a portable viewing device called a lenticular stereoscope. It was Brewster's stereoscope which defined the standard for the new format and which was popularised from the early 1850s.

Geoff Barker, August 2009.

References
William Darrah, 'The World of Stereographs', W. Darrah, 1997
Helmut and Alison Gernsheim, 'The History of Photography', Thames and Hudson, 1955, 253

 This text content licensed under CC BY-NC.

Description
Photographic print, mounted stereoview George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1858-1860

A stereoview photographic print consisting of two black and white images that have been taken simultaneously. The prints have been mounted next to one another on a card. The images show George Street in Sydney. Either side of the street is lined with two and three storey buildings, some of which have canvas awnings out the front shading the footpath below. Street lamps can be seen on either side of the street. A horse and cart is parked on the side of the road. Text written on the side of one building reads 'CLAPHAM-HOUSE / BOOT SHOE / MART'. Another building in the foreground of the image has 'London HAT' written across it. An oval shaped trademark has been pressed into the front of the mount to the right of the images. There is handwritten text on the back of the mount.
Made: 1858 - 1860
Marks
Text in impressed trademark on front of mount reads 'W HETZER / SYDNEY'. Handwritten text in ink on the back of the mount reads 'George Street / Sydney'.
87/1019-1
Production date
1858 - 1860
Width
175 mm

 This text content licensed under CC BY-SA.
Acquisition credit line
Gift of University Of Wollongong, 1987
Subjects
+ George Street, Sydney
+ Streetscapes
+ Photography
+ Buildings
+ Commercial buildings
+ Office buildings
+ Sydney buildings
+ Colonial history of New South Wales
+ Colonial period
+ Colonial life
+ Colonial commerce
Short persistent URL
Concise link back to this object: http://from.ph/69016
Cite this object in Wikipedia
Copy and paste this wiki-markup:

{{cite web |url=http://from.ph/69016 |title=George Street Sydney |author=Powerhouse Museum |accessdate=24 April 2014 |publisher=Powerhouse Museum, Australia}}


Copyright
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