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Radiation detector, 2000 - 2005
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Object statement
Radiation detector, 'Smart Ion', plastic / metal, made by Mini Instruments Inc, Burnham on Crouch, Essex, England, 2000-2005
These various radiation meters were originally procured and/or used by the NSW government agencies including the former State Pollution Control Commission (SPCC), the Environment Protection Authority (EPA), the NSW Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC), and possibly the NSW Department of Health. These agencies, collectively over the years regulated the use of radiation apparatus (for example x-ray machines used in medical diagnostics) and radioactive substances (for example cobalt-60 used in industrial gauging applications).

The equipment was used to measure the type and intensity of radiation and it exemplifies one of the many aspects of regulation administered by government health departments and augments the Museum's collection of measuring instruments and workplace health and safety material.

Written by Erika Dicker
Assistant Curator, 2007.
Thermo Scientific are the producers of 'Mini Instruments'.

 This text content licensed under CC BY-NC.

Description
Radiation detector, 'Smart Ion', plastic / metal, made by Mini Instruments Inc, Burnham on Crouch, Essex, England, 2000-2005

This detector is a white plastic unit with a black handle mounted to the front. The front of the detector has a readout screen and white buttons on a blue background. The back of the unit has a round metal disk on a sliding mechanism that slides down to reveal another round metal disk that detects beta radiation.

The Smart Ion is a micro computer based instrument of advanced design for the measurement of gamma, beta and x-ray radiation. It provides functions previously not available in meters of this type, including data logging, dose rate alarm, remote calibration and security features. Operation is simple, reliable and maintenance free, and the instrument is housed in a robust plastic case of attractive appearance.

The meter employs an ion chamber for detecting gamma radiation and beta particles. A potential applied between a central electrode and the chamber wall attracts the positive and negative parts of the ionised particle. The resulting current flow generates a voltage that is detected and amplified to give an indication of radiation intensity. The meter always measures gamma radiation that penetrates the case from any angle. Beta radiation however is subject to considerable attenuation through the case. Beta radiation is measured through the thin window in the base of the meter. A shield can be slid across this window to exclude beta particles; while this cover is closed, the meter is only sensitive to gamma radiation.

Made: 2000 - 2005
2007/60/7
Production date
2000 - 2005
Height
184 mm
Width
96 mm
Weight
1.4 kg

 This text content licensed under CC BY-SA.
Acquisition credit line
Gift of the Department of Environment and Conservation New South Wales, 2007
Subjects
+ Occupational health and safety
Short persistent URL
Concise link back to this object: http://from.ph/365864
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{{cite web |url=http://from.ph/365864 |title=Radiation detector |author=Powerhouse Museum |accessdate=21 September 2014 |publisher=Powerhouse Museum, Australia}}


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