Gramophone, 'Pathegraphe Language Machine' with discs and cylinders of printed French and Spanish lessons, paper / metal / shellac / timber, made by Pathe Freres, France, 1912
Sound recordings are played on a gramophone using a (90rpm) flat disc with a vertically engraved 'hill and dale' system and a stylus. A synchronised display scrolls across the front of the Pathegraphe from a paper cylinder. An indicator is used to fine tune the synchronisation of the audio to the printed material. The stylus is missing; Pathe discs were played with a sapphire needle and resonant head.
Cylinder rewind handle, motor wind handle and carry handle inside case.
42 centre start discs include 31 x 36cm, 10 x 30cm and 1 x 24cm shellac discs.
39 x 85mm sprocket paper cylinders of printed language lessons.
List of available titles printed in a 25-page catalogue.
A Pathe-reflex gramophone with horn incorporated in lid and a device for synchronously unrolling between spools a roll of paper containing printed text.
The language translation is printed on the top of the roll and can be obscured by a blind that flips into place. The Pathegraphe disc motor is wound up by a handle, and another smaller handle is used for rewinding the printed rolls. The unit comprises the Pathegraphe and 39 paper cylinder rolls printed in French and Spanish. As supplied by Pathe Freres, the Pathegraphe would originally have included fourteen (35cm diameter) discs and twenty six cylinder rolls.