Bicycle, 'Prawn', Sydney Olympic Games Closing Ceremony, designed by John King, made by Ceremonies Prop Workshop, Sydney, 2000
This object has significance in material culture due to its role in the closing ceremony of the 2000 Olympic Games, an important event in the recent history of Sydney and NSW. It has the potential to communicate in exhibitions and publications about the Sydney Olympic Games and has significance in its design, making, use and the cultural meanings ascribed to it.
The closing ceremony of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games took place on Sunday 1 October at Stadium Australia, Homebush Bay. It included solemn formalities, an informal parade of athletes and a farewell party that took the form of an unregimented parade with floats that celebrated and often mocked aspects of Australian popular culture. The intention was to conduct the ceremony with decorum until the extinction of the Olympic flame, and then to unleash a party. The artistic director of the closing ceremony David Atkins explained 'The athletes have finished competition, and are ready to party, and we have set about creating a party to end all parties. We have decided to invite everyone into our giant Australian backyard - fully equipped with Hills Hoists, barbecues, an eclectic mix of music, performers and all manner of Australiana. Australians have a tradition of throwing great parties, and this one will be imbued with a sense of fun, larrikinism and goodwill.' According to Ric Birch (speaking on Channel 7's 'Olympic Sunrise'), the opening ceremony was to represent Australia at large, but the closing ceremony was Sydney's show.
Irreverent humour was evident from the opening (untelevised) sequence, in which the sports satirists Roy Slaven and HG Nelson welcomed the crowd and coached them in how to use the contents of the small eskies that each of the 110,000 audience members could find on their seats. These contained essential Australian backyard barbecue equipment including fly-swats which, when held aloft, gave a distinctively Australian flavour to the Mexican wave.
The entertainer and 'Crocodile Dundee' film star Paul Hogan was one of the 'Parade of Icons'. Hogan made his entrance astride a giant Crocodile Dundee hat, surrounded by crocodiles on skates, prawns on bicycles, water buffalo on scooters and lizards on unicycles. These emblems of the top end and the outback contrasted with the ceremony's proliferation of suburban images such as Hills Hoists, blowflies, lifesavers and thongs. All were treated with self- deprecating irony rather than clichÂ?. The prawns have added significance in the context of Hogan's career. During the 1980s he appeared in a series of advertisements for American television to promote US tourism to Australia. His slogan 'I'll throw another shrimp on the barbie' entered the vernacular. Shrimp is the American word for prawn.
The wit and quality of the 'Parade of Icons' showed the influence of the late Peter Tully as artistic director of the Mardi Gras in, for example, the 'pit chicks' in silver hot pants who carried the eyelashes, stiletto shoes and giant mascara for the Priscilla bus.
The opening ceremony told a mythic story of nation-building that dwarfed individuals. It was evocative and subtle. The closing ceremony, however, celebrated personality, celebrity and attitude. Loud and brash, more like a rock concert than a profoundly theatrical event, it was an extravagant send-off -- fun, festive, shamelessly excessive and decidedly weird.
This prawn bike was designed by John King and made by Anthony Neeson and Will Northam at the Tamara Ealey Ceremonies Prop Workshop in Eveleigh, Redfern, 2000.
The body shell of the prawn was shaped by vacuum-forming a thermal sensitive polyethylene foam sheeting over a sculpted mould in two halves and later joined. The shell was fixed to an aluminium frame and bolted to a standard mountain bike, which surrounded the rider. The feelers were fibreglass rods fixed into the nose of the prawn and the exterior of the prawn was finished using a latex based paint.
This prawn bike was used in the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games closing ceremony 'Parade of Icons' segment, Paul Hogan float, Sydney Olympic Park, Homebush, October 1, 2000.
It was made for and owned by the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games, and donated to the Powerhouse Museum after the Games.