Violin, wood, made by Antonio Gragnani, Livorno, Italy, 1788.
Italian violin, back of one piece of light brown wood, slightly rounded, rounded shoulders and deep ribs. Sound board made from 2 pieces with accentuated curve and shortish 'f' holes, double black purfling top and bottom, finger board, tail piece, tail button ad tuning pegs all of dark brown/ black wood [ebony]. Head stock, narrow with deep scroll carving. Light goldish/ brown varnish, worn away at the back pf the neck. Bridge of light wood.
Initialed at back of neck, impressed "A.G", and below button "A.G". Makers name and date on a lable inside printed " Antonius Gragnani fecit Liburni Anno 1788 (symbol)" , on bridge "A.E. smith & Co Ltd" and stamped on the skin cover "g.B. Reid".