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This object belongs to
Animal Samples and Products > Wool specimens

+ 2003/46/1 Wool samples (3509), assembled...
+ 2003/46/2 Wool samples (1476), collected...
+ 2003/46/2-27/284 Wool specimen, merino, ...
+ 2003/46/2-27/370 Wool specimen, merino, ...
+ 2004/51/2 Wool sample and certificate, f...
+ F1 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Geor...
+ F2 Wool (2), stud rams, station bred, fr...
+ F3 Wool specimens (3), stud rams, statio...
+ F4 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from E...
+ F5 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from E...
+ F6 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from E...
+ F7 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from E...
+ F8 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Geor...
+ F9 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from E...
+ F10 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from ...
+ F12 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from ...
+ F13 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from ...
+ F14 Wool, stud rams, station bred, from ...
+ F15 Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by Geo...
+ F18 Wool, stud ewe, station bred, from E...
+ F20 Wool (3), stud ewe, station bred, fr...
+ F22 Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by Geo...
+ F28 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Dar...
+ F29 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Dar...
+ F30 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Dar...
+ F32 Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by Dar...
+ F33 Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by Dar...
+ F34 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F35 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F36 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F37 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F39 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F45 Wool specimen, hogget, bred by Darli...
+ F46 Wool of hogget, progeny of Tooralie ...
+ F48 Wool of hogget, progeny of Tooralie ...
+ F49 Wool of hogget, progeny of Tooralie ...
+ F50 Wool specimen, hogget, bred by Darli...
+ F51 Wool specimen, ewe hogget, bred by D...
+ F53 Wool specimen, ewe hogget, bred by D...
+ F55 Wool specimen, hogget progeny of Rod...
+ F56 Wool specimen. ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F57 Wool specimen. ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F61 Wool specimen, ewe, bred by Darling ...
+ F65 Wool specimen, bred by Darling Downs...
+ F66 Wool specimen, bred by Darling Downs...
+ F67 Wool specimen, bred by Darling Downs...
+ F69 Wool specimen, bred by Darling Downs...
+ F70 Wool specimen, bred by Darling Downs...
+ F72 Wool specimens (2), ram, bred by Dar...
+ F73 Wool specimen, stud ram, bred by Dar...


F7194 Wool specimens (2), stud ram, bred by the Hon J Gibson, Bellevue, Tasmania, Australia, 1902

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Object statement
Wool specimens (2), stud ram, bred by the Hon J Gibson, Bellevue, Tasmania, Australia, 1902
The wool collection held by the Powerhouse Museum contains thousands of wool samples collected between 1804 and 2003. These samples provide a record of wool growing in Australia. The different fleeces reflect the breeding programs and environmental conditions under which the fleeces were grown and, as such, they provide a valuable history of the areas of Australia in which sheep were grazed.

Sheep were introduced into Australia in 1788 from Cape Town in South Africa. Since then sheep from other countries, including the Spanish Merino were imported into Australia and selectively crossbred. Careful crossbreeding, paying particular attention to the impact of the environment on both animal and fleece, led to the evolution of the Australian Merino. It is an excellent example of the engineering, through selective breeding, of a domestic animal. Wool went on to become the mainstay of the Australian Economy from 1807 to 1960.

This particular specimen of wool is from Bellevue station in Tasmania. Bellevue was a hugely influential Tasmanian sheep stud founded by James Gibson in 1863. Gibson formed his flock from a selection of ewes from Winton station which he then bred to three rams from Beaufront station, one of whom, King Billy, was considered outstanding. King Billy produced one of Australia's greatest merino sires named Sir Thomas. This ram influenced significant studs from all over Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria.

Erika Dicker
Assistant Curator
September 2007

Reference:
Charles Massy. 'The Australian Merino', Penguin Books Australia Ltd, Victoria, 1990.
Originally donated by JFA Fitzpatrick, Erinvale, Junee, 1902

This wool specimen is part of the Bill Montgomery Wool Collection which consists of approximately 7000 samples. In the older part of the collection there are 5000 samples from Australian sheep fleeces grown between 1856 and 1906. The samples were collected by the Museum at a time when scientific research was prominent in the Museum's activities. In 1979, when the Museum's focus changed, most of its wool collection was transferred to the teaching collection of Mr Bill Montgomery, a wool classing teacher at Newcastle Technical College. When Bill retired from the College, the collection was again in danger of being thrown away. He took the entire collection home and stored it in his garage for 15 years. His Collection also contains approximately 1500 wool samples grown between 1950 and 2000 and collected by Bill himself. It includes 147 examples of faults and stains occurring in Australian flocks, 20 pigmented wools and 33 rare and extinct breeds from around the world. The Museum purchased the entire collection in 2003. Bill Montgomery died on 7th July, 2007.

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Description
Wool specimens (2), stud ram, bred by the Hon J Gibson, Bellevue, Tasmania, Australia, 1902

The fleece has a natural yellow and brown colour.
Fleece of stud ram "Noble". 3 yrs. Sire "President II" by "President" by "Golden Horn II". Dam- a ewe by "Golden Horn". Cut 30lbs 6 oz. Purchased for 231 gs Sydney sheepsales 1902. Donated by T. Fitzpatrick. (SB)
Made: Tasmania; 1902
F7194
Production date
1902

 This text content licensed under CC BY-SA.
Acquisition credit line
Source unknown
This object belongs to:
Bill Montgomery Vintage Wool Collection
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{{cite web |url=http://from.ph/229942 |title=F7194 Wool specimens (2), stud ram, bred by the Hon J Gibson, Bellevue, Tasmania, Australia, 1902 |author=Powerhouse Museum |accessdate=19 September 2014 |publisher=Powerhouse Museum, Australia}}


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