Botanical model, fungus, Agaricus phalloides or Amanita phalloides, plaster / papier-mache, made by Viktor Dürfeld, purchased from Chrétian Vetter, Hamburg, Germany, 1890
Papier-mâché models were introduced in the 1800s as they were more robust than the earlier wax models. It also allowed craftsmen to fashion models in sections which could be removed in layers as if a real dissection were taking place. A common feature of many of nineteenth century models is the use of paint on a thin plaster layer which covered the papier-mâché. Studio artists were employed to add the finishing touches using egg tempura which gave a shiny gloss to the finished work.
This botanical model was manufactured in the 1800s and was purchased from the German dealer Chrétien Vetter in 1890.
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Geoff Barker, March, 2007